Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana
Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana
Government of India has introduced Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana for farmers in the year 2005. Krishonnati Yojana is a five-year agriculture sector umbrella programme. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs – CCEA has approved the continuation of 12th five year plan of Krishonnati Yojana in May 2018. This scheme will continue for a duration of 2017-2018 to 2019-2020. This article examines about agriculture sector umbrella scheme, Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana in detail.
Agriculture Umbrella Scheme – Krishonnati Yojana
This scheme comprises of 11 schemes and mission under a single umbrella scheme. Government is planning to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic & scientific manner further to increase the income of farmer by enhancing production, productivity and better returns on produce under this Krishonnati Yojana.
Objective of Krishonnati Yojana
Government has approved this scheme is to double farmers income by 2022. The key objective of Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana is explained here.
- To create and strengthen the infrastructure of agriculture product production
- To reducing the crops production cost
- To market the agriculture and allied produce in efficient manner
Budget Allocation for Umbrella Schemes
Government has allocated a central Share of Rs. 33269.976 crore in the 12th financial year for developing 11 schemes under umbrella scheme.
Programmes (Schemes) under Umbrella Scheme – Krishonnati Yojana
The 11 programmes under Green revolution Krishonnati Yojana is explained in detail here.
Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
Government central share allocation for MIDH is Rs. 7533.04 crore, Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) objectives is as follows.
- To promote holistic growth of horticulture sector
- To enhance horticulture production
- To improve nutritional security
- Provide income support to farm household
National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
National Food Security Mission includes the National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP). Total central share for NFSM is Rs.6893.38 crore. It aims to increase production of following crops through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a suitable manner in the identified districts.
- Coarse cereals
- Commercial crops
Main aim of NFSM is to restore the soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level and enhancing farm level economy. NFSM and NMOOP objective is to augment the availability of vegetable oils and to reduce the import of edible oils.
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) under umbrella scheme, total central share is Rs.3980.82 crore. NMSA has introduced to promote sustainable agriculture practices best suitable to the specific agro-ecology focusing on integrated farming, appropriate soil health management, organic farming and synergizing resource conservation.
Submission on Agricultural Extension (SMAE)
SMAE‘s total central share is Rs.2961.26 crore. SMAE has introduced to strengthen the ongoing extension mechanism of State Governments and local bodies in India. Following are the main aim of the SMAE.
- Achieving food and nutritional security of farmers
- Socio-economic empowerment of farmers
- Institutionalize programme planning and implementation mechanism
- To make effective linkages and synergy amongst various stake-holders
- To support HRD intervention
- To promote pervasive and innovative use of print media, electronic, inter-personal communication and ICT tools.
Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP)
SMSP aim is to increase the production of certified & quality seed, to increase SRR, to upgrade the quality of farm saved seeds, to strengthen the seed multiplication chain, to promote new technologies and methodologies in seed production, processing and testing, to strengthen and modernizing infrastructure for seed production, storage, certification and quality. Total central share of Rs.920.6 crore has allocated for SMSP.
Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM)
SMAM has launched for following purposes. The total central share for SMAM is Rs.3250 crore.
- To make reach of farm mechanization to all small and marginal farmers in India where the availability of farm power is low.
- To increase the growth of custom hiring centres
- To eliminate the adverse economies of scale arising due to small landholding and high cost of individual ownership
- To introduce hubs for hi-technology and high value farm equipments
- To create awareness among stakeholders through capacity building and demonstration activities.
- To ensure performance testing and certification at designated testing centers located all over India.
Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine (SMPPQ)
SMPPQ‘s total central share is Rs.1022.67 crore. SMPPQ objective is to minimize loss of quality and yield of agricultural crops from the ravages of following.
- Insect pests,
SMPPQ other mission is to shield the agricultural bio-security from the incursions and spread of alien species and to facilitate exports of Indian agricultural commodities to global markets. Promoting good agricultural practices, particularly with respect to plant protection strategies is under SMPQ.
Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES)
Government allotted Rs. 730.58 crore as total central share for ISACES. It objective is to undertake agriculture census, study of cost of cultivation of principal crops and undertake research studies on agro-economic problems of the country.
Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC)
ISAC total central share is Rs. 1902.636 crore. Mission of ISAC is as follows.
- To provide financial assistance for improving the economic conditions of cooperatives
- To remove regional imbalances
- To speed up cooperative development in agricultural marketing, storage, processing, computerization and weaker section programmes.
- To help cotton growers fetch remunerative price for their produce through value addition
- To ensure supply of quality yarn at reasonable rates to the decentralized weavers.
Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM)
Objective of this scheme is to promote innovation and latest technologies and competitive alternatives in agriculture marketing infrastructure along with this, SLAM has a mission to provide agricultural produce infrastructure facilities for standardization, grading and quality certification. Total central share allocation for ISAM is Rs.3863.93 crore.
National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A)
National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A) aims are given below.
- To bring farmer centricity and service orientation to the programmes
- To enhance reach and impact of extension services
- To improve access of farmers to information and services throughout crop-cycle;
- To build upon, enhance and integrate the existing ICT initiatives of Centre and States
- To enhance efficiency and effectiveness of programs through making available timely and relevant information to the farmers for increasing their agriculture productivity.
Government has allocated total central share of Rs 211.06 crore for National e-Governance Plan.